Ubuntu is a Linux distribution based on Debian and composed mostly of free and open-source software. Ubuntu is officially released in three editions: Desktop, Server, and Core for Internet of things devices and robots. All the editions can run on the computer alone, or in a virtual machine. Ubuntu is a popular operating system for cloud computing, with support for OpenStack. Ubuntu’s default desktop has been GNOME.
Ubuntu is released every six months, with long-term support (LTS) releases every two years.
Ubuntu is developed by British company Canonical, and a community of other developers, under a meritocratic governance model. Canonical provides security updates and support for each Ubuntu release, starting from the release date and until the release reaches its designated end-of-life (EOL) date. Canonical generates revenue through the sale of premium services related to Ubuntu and donations from those who download the Ubuntu software.
Why use Ubuntu?
There are many reasons to use Ubuntu, but here are some of the most important ones:
- It’s free and open source: shared code, shared efforts, shared principles, no cost.
- It’s easy to use, trial and install: you don’t have to be an expert.
- Ubuntu is beautiful, sleek, and stylish: learn more about the GNOME desktop environment.
- It’s stable and fast: usually loads in less than a minute on modern computers.
- It has no major viruses! Ubuntu is immune to computer-crashing Windows viruses. Say goodbye to Blue Screens of Death!
- It’s up-to-date: Canonical releases new versions of Ubuntu every six months and also brings you regular updates for free.
- It is supported: you can get all the support and advice you need from the global FOSS community and Canonical.
- Among Linux operating systems, Ubuntu is the most supported.
“Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others.’ It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are.'”ubuntu.com